Punjab is a state in the northwest of the Republic of India. It is bordered by the Indian states of Himachal Pradesh to the east, Haryana to the south and southeast and Rajasthan to the southwest as well as the Pakistani province of Punjab to the west. It is also bounded to the north by Jammu and Kashmir.
The state capital is located in Chandigarh, which is a Union Territory and also the capital of the neighbouring state of Haryana.
Major cities of Punjab include Amritsar, Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Patiala, Tarn Taran Sahib, Nawanshahr, Firozpur, Bathinda, Anandpur Sahib, Gurdaspur, Hoshiarpur, Fatehgarh Sahib, Kapurthala and Ajitgarh.
Diwali Celebrations in Punjab :
The people of Punjab who are well-known for warmth and hospitality, dazzling and vibrant culture and lifestyle, celebrate Diwali in a grand manner.
In Punjab, Diwali Festival is the time for everyone to rejoice, looking forward to a bright future.
The biggest community of Punjab comprises of Sikh, Jat, Aroras and Khatris. People of Punjab are extremely hard-working and are mostly into agriculture. They begin preparations for the festival weeks in advance. They start decorating their homes, preparing various sweets, buying new clothes well in advance.
During Diwali people worship Lord Rama as Diwali celebrates return of Lord Rama to Ayodhya after 14 years of exile after he defeated demon king Ravana.
During Diwali, people draw colourful Rangoli’s outside their homes, eat lots of sweets, exchange gifts, wear new clothes, decorate their homes with lights and diya’s, spent time with friends and family members and of course enjoy Punjabi bhangra, etc.
On the Diwali day after sunset they perform Lakshmi Ganesh Puja and then lit diyas outside their homes to welcome Lakshmi – the goddess of wealth and prosperity.
In villages, farmers adorn their cattles and worship them as the goddess of wealth and prosperity.
Diwali is an important day for people of Sikh religion also. They celebrate the day as Bandi Chhor Diwas. On this day Guru Hargobind ji along with 52 Hindu kings were freed from the prison at Gwalior Fort in 1619 A.D, after which all of them had visited Golden Temple in Amritsar. Even today people of Sikh religion remember and celebrate this day and on this day the entire Golden Temple is illuminated with traditional lamps of different colors.
The beauty of Golden Temple of Amritsar on the night of Diwali cannot be explained in words. The reflection of the temple in the shimmering water of the holy pool binds the eye. Fire works display by the traditional professionals recreates the glory of the times gone past.
Bhai Tikka is also an important ritual performed by Punjabi’s during Diwali. On the day of Bhai Dooj, sisters pray for their brothers to have long and happy lives by performing the Tika ceremony (i.e., making a tikka on their brother’s forehead with kumkum and rice) and brothers give gifts to their sisters.
How to Say Happy Diwali in Punjabi Language :
“Diwali Mubarkan” ( ਦਿਵਾਲੀ ਮੁਬਾਰਕਾਂ )
“Tuhanu diwali diyan boht boht vadhaiyan hon” (ਤੁਹਾਨੂੰ ਦਿਵਾਲੀ ਦੀਆਂ ਬਹੁਤ ਬਹੁਤ ਵਧਾਈਆਂ ਹੋਣ )