Odisha, formerly known as Orissa, is an Indian state located on the east coast. It is bordered by the Indian states of West Bengal to the north-east and in the east, Jharkhand to the north, Chhattisgarh to the west and north-west, Andhra Pradesh to the south and Bay of Bengal to the east.
Bhubaneswar is the capital and the largest city in the state.
Other major cities in the state include – Cuttack, Rourkela, Brahmapur, Sambalpur, Puri, Balasore, etc.
Odia is the official language of the state.
Diwali Celebrations in Orrisa :
In Orissa, the festival is known as Deepabali. This festival of lights, is uniquely celebrated in Orissa with its own charm and style. It is marked by calling spirit of ancestor by lighting a lamp inside an earthen pot tied to a pole erected in front of the house.
In Oriya people say – “Bada badua ho, andhaara re aasa, aluwa re jaa. Baaisi pahaacha re gada gadau tha.” which means “O forefathers, come to us in this dark evening, we light your way to heaven. May you attain salvation on the 22 steps of the Jagannath temple of Puri.”
An earthen pot with small windows is tied to tall bamboo poles which are erected in front of houses. These poles act as a support to hold the pot. Within the earthen pot a lamp is placed to light up the dark. Once the spirits are called, jute stems are burnt to show light in the dark path. This light is believed to show the way to the spirits, when they traverse back to heaven in darkness.
In the evening members of the family gather after dusk. A rangoli pattern taking the shape of a sailboat is drawn on the ground. Right beside the rangoli a plough, a mortar and pestle is placed which is also worshiped with devotion. The sailboat has seven chambers and in each of the chamber several items are kept like cotton, mustard, salt, asparagus root, turmeric and a wild creeper.
There is a central chamber in which is placed prasad. On top of the prasad a beautiful jute stem with a cloth wick is placed which serves as the main diya. The diya is lit at the beginning of the puja. Each of the members gathered there and holds a bundle of jute stems in their hands. They light their respective bundles from the main flame on the rangoli and raise it towards the sky with chants.
Kali Puja is the main event on Diwali. The Pooja is performed at midnight of Kartik Amavasya. Some people observe a fast on this occasion and partake food only after the Puja is over. Kali Puja is performed essentially to seek protection against drought and war, to be blessed with general happiness, health, wealth, and peace.
Besides these unique things, the other Diwali celebrations are similar to that taking place in other parts of the country which include – drawing colourful Rangoli’s outside homes, decorating homes with lights, wearing new clothes, eating lots of sweets, exchanging gifts, spending time with friends and family members, etc.
In Orissa like in other parts parts of the country, Diwali is a significant festival and it is celebrated for a period of five days.
How to Say Happy Diwali in Oriya Language :
Deepavalira Anek Shubhechha