Karnataka is a state located in the South Western region of India. Originally known as the State of Mysore, it was renamed to Karnataka in 1973.
It is bordered by the Arabian Sea to the west, Goa to the north west, Maharashtra to the north, Andhra Pradesh to the east, Tamil Nadu to the south east, and Kerala to the south west.
The capital and largest city is Bangalore.
Other major cities in Karnataka include – Belgaum, Bijapur, Bagalkot, Gulbarga, Bidar, Raichur, Bellary, Gadag, Dharwar, Kanwar, Shimoga, Udupi, Chikmagalur, Mangalore, Mysore, Tumkur, etc.
Kannada is the most widely spoken and official language of the state.
Diwali Celebrations in Karnataka :
In Karnataka, the festival is known as Deepavali and it is celebrated for a period of five days like other parts of the country, but here the celebrations on grand on two days which are the Naraka Chaturdashi (day before Diwali) and Bali Padyami or Bali Pratipada (day after Diwali).
On Narak Chaturdashi people celebrate victory of Lord Krishna over demon Narakasura while on Bali Pratipada people of Karnataka invite the greatest emperor of times, Bali Chakravarti to their homes.
Just like in other parts of the country, people of Karnataka celebrate Diwali by drawing colourful Rangoli’s outside their homes to welcome goddess of wealth – Lakshmi, wear new clothes, eat lots of sweets, exchange gifts, wear new clothes, decorate their homes with lights and diya’s, spent time with friends and family members, etc.
Some of the special sweets prepared by Kannada people for this festive occasion include – Jilebi, Holige, Malpuri, Kaju Barfi, Mysore Pak, Thambuttu (Coorg), etc.
The Celebrations start one day prior to Narak Chaturdashi i.e., on the thirteenth day of the Krishna Paksha (celebrated as Dhanteras in other parts of the country). On this day people of Karnataka clean their homes, clean all utensils and fill them with water. Hence the day is known as Jalapoorana trayodashi or Neeru Tumbo Habba.
There is also another ritual followed on this day which is Yama Deepa Daana, i.e., after sunset people light a lamp outside the house in the southern direction. This is done to propitiate Lord Yama, the god of Death, and by his grace avoid untimely deaths.
On Narak Chaturdashi people perform the Abhyang Snan (ritual bath with oil) before sunrise. In parts of North Karnataka, this is followed by the women of the house performing Aarti on the men.
On Diwali (Amavasya), people of Karnataka perform the Lakshmi Ganesh Puja as it is performed in other parts of the country.
Next day is celebrated as Bali Padyami. On this day people decorate their home to welcome demon King Bali to their homes. On this day people perform auspicious acts on this day like having oil baths, wearing new clothes, buying new things, having a feast and greeting friends and family.
The fifth day or the last day is celebrated as Bhratri Dwitiya or Yama Dwitiya (also known as Bhai Dooj) a day that celebrates the relationship between a brother and a sister. On this day, sisters pray for their brothers to have long and happy lives by performing the Tika ceremony (i.e., making a tikka on their brother’s forehead with kumkum and rice) and brothers give gifts to their sisters.
In Karnataka, one performs Aratis with dipas or lamps on Narak Chaturdashi, Amavasya and Bali Padyami, these three days are collectively called as Deepavali because in Kannada Deepavali (Deep + Aavali) means Light of Rows.
In some remote villages of Karnataka the day is celebrated as Gorehabba. On this day the villagers start playing with the cow dung and there are also a few interesting rituals that are done.
How to Say Happy Diwali in Kannada Language :
Deepavali Habbada Shubhashayagalu (ದೀಪಾವಳಿ ಹಬ್ಬದ ಶುಭಾಶಯಗಳು)