Jharkhand is a state located in eastern India. It was carved out of the southern part of Bihar on 15 November 2000.
Jharkhand is bordered with the states of Bihar to the north, Uttar Pradesh and Chhattisgarh to the west, Odisha to the south, and West Bengal to the east.
Ranchi is the capital of the state while Jamshedpur is the largest and the biggest industrial city of the state.
Some of the other major cities and industrial centers in Jharkhand include – Dhanbad, Bokaro, Deoghar and Hazaribagh.
Diwali Celebrations in Jharkhand :
Celebrations of Diwali in Jharkhand are somewhat similar to Diwali celebrations in Bihar as prior to 2000, Jharkhand was part of Bihar.
Here the Diwali celebrations start on Agyaras which falls two days before Dhanteras. On this day people start cleaning their homes and start all other preparations for the festival of Diwali.
Just like in other parts of the country, people of Jharkhand celebrate Diwali by drawing colourful Rangoli’s outside their homes to welcome goddess of wealth – Lakshmi, wear new clothes, eat lots of sweets, exchange gifts, wear new clothes, decorate their homes with lights and diya’s, spent time with friends and family members, etc.
On Dhanteras, people of Jharkhand worship Dhanvantari, the physician of the gods, who is believed to have emerged with a pot of Amrit during the Samudra Manthan. On this day most of the people buy new kitchen utensils and keep them at the place of worship.
The next day is celebrated as Choti Diwali or Narak Chaturdasi. The day is known as Choti Diwali because the celebrations of this day are similar to Diwali day but on a smaller scale with lesser lights and lesser fireworks. On the morning of this day, women of the house ensure that the house has been cleaned thoroughly in anticipation of Diwali. Then they make colorful Rangolis at the entrance of their homes to welcome Lord Rama and Goddess Lakshmi on Diwali Day.
On the Diwali Day, diyas are lit and the whole house is decorated with lights, Rangoli are made at entrance of the homes. People wear new clothes, perform puja and Aarti of goddess Lakshmi. People also perform Lakshmi Ganesh Puja on this day.
In Jkarkhand also people celebrate the fourth Day (Day after Diwali) as Govardhan Puja or Annakoot where in large number of dishes are prepared by people and offered to Lord Krishna which is later consumed by the people as Bhog.
Bhai Dooj the last day of Diwali holds significance in Jharkhand also. On this day, sisters pray for their brothers to have long and happy lives by performing the Tika ceremony and brothers give gifts to their sisters.
A week after Diwali, people of Jharkhand also celebrate Chhath Puja, festival dedicated to Lord Sun. It is the most important festival of the state and during this festival people perform ritual offerings to the Sun God and for this for a period of one night and day, the people of state literally live on the banks of the river Ganga.