Gujarat is a state in western India. It is bordered by Rajasthan to the north, Maharashtra to the south, Madhya Pradesh to the east, and the Arabian Sea as well as the Pakistani province of Sindh on the west. It is home to the Gujarati-speaking people of India.
Its capital city is Gandhinagar, while its largest city is Ahmedabad. Other major cities of Gujarat include – Bhuj, Rajkot, Jamnagar, Porbandar, Junagadh, Amreli, Bhavnagar, Surendernagar, Palanpur, Himatnagar, Mahesana, Nadiad, Anand, Vadodara, Bharuch, Surat, Navsari, Valsad, etc
In Gujarat the Diwali celebrations take on a number of distinct characteristics
Diwali Celebrations in Gujarat :
In Gujarat people start preparing for the festival of Diwali weeks in advance. They not only clean their homes, but also buy new clothes and jewelry, prepare sweets, etc.
In Gujarat people are crazy about shopping and hence months in advance, you see Diwali markets in all parts of the state.
Diwali is an extended festival in Gujarat. Celebrations start earlier in Gujarat than in the rest of India, from Agyaras which falls two days before Dhanteras, the first day of the five day Diwali festival and ends on Labh Pancham is third day after Bhai Dooj, the last of the five days of Diwali.
In Gujarat, Vagh Baras (a day before Dhanteras) is celebrated as the festival of the cow and the calf.
Most of the people living in Gujarat are businessmen hence they perform Laxmi Pujan also known as Chopda Pujan or Muharat Pujan on the Diwali Day and the New Year Day.
There are also many Jain’s in Gujarat and they celebrate Diwali Day as Dev Divali, the Day on which Lord Mahavira attained Moksha.
The rituals performed here during Diwali are almost the same as in the rest of the country. Like in other parts of the country people here perform puja of goddess Lakshmi on Dhanteras Day and then perform Lakshmi Ganesh Puja on Diwali Day.
In Gujarat, women draw colourful Rangoli’s outside their homes and lit diya’s to welcome Goddess Lakshmi. They burst crackers and enjoy the festivities with family and friends.
During Diwali, Shops are open, but business comes to a halt on Dhanteras, two days before Diwali, and doesn’t resume until Labh Pancham, the fifth day of the new year. For traders and businessmen, this is the time for a vacation.
In Gujarat the Padvo, the day after the Diwali Day is important as it marks the start of Gujarati Lunar Calendar which is known as Vikram Samvat Calendar.
The day is celebrated on the first lunar day of Shukla Paksha (Bright fortnight) in the Hindu calendar month of Kartika which in Gujarati is known as ‘Kartak Sud Ekam’
The Day hold lot of significance for the Gujarati community. Gujarati’s all over the world celebrates the New Year to mark the beginning of a new fiscal year. The day is of significance for the business community as it marks the start of their new accounting year.
How to Say Happy Diwali in Gujarati Language :
Diwadi ni khub khub Shubhkamnao (દિવાલી ની ખૂબ ખૂબ શુભકામનાઓ)