Bihar is a state located in northern India. It is bordered by Uttar Pradesh to its west, Nepal to the north, Northern part of West Bengal to the east and by Jharkhand to the south.
Patna is the capital and the largest city of the state. Other major cities in Bihar include – Gaya, Bhagalpur, Muzaffarpur, Purnia, Darbhanga, Arrah, Begusarai, Katihar, Munger, Chhapra, etc.
Hindi and Urdu are the official languages of the state, while the majority of the people speak Angika, Bhojpuri, Magadhi, Maithili and Bajjika.
Diwali Celebrations in Bihar :
In Bihar, the Diwali celebrations start on Agyaras which falls two days before Dhanteras. On this day people start cleaning their homes and start all other preparations for the festival of Diwali.
Just like in other parts of the country, people of Bihar celebrate Diwali by drawing colourful Rangoli’s outside their homes to welcome goddess of wealth – Lakshmi, wear new clothes, eat lots of sweets, exchange gifts, wear new clothes, decorate their homes with lights and diya’s, spent time with friends and family members, etc.
On Dhanteras, people of Bihar worship Dhanvantari, the physician of the gods. He is believed to have emerged with a pot of Amrit during the Samudra Manthan. On this day most of the people buy new kitchen utensils and keep them at the place of worship. On this day, people of Bihar bathe in the holy river Ganges early in the morning and then observe a fast which is only broken at sunset.
The next day is celebrated as Choti Diwali or Narak Chaturdasi. The day is known as Choti Diwali as the celebrations of this day are similar to Diwali day but on a smaller scale with lesser lights and lesser fireworks, with everybody trying very hard to retrain their bouts of joyousness for the next day.
On the morning of Choti Diwali, the women of the house ensure that the house has been cleaned thoroughly in anticipation of Diwali. Then they make colorful Rangolis at the entrance of their homes to welcome Lord Rama and Goddess Lakshmi on Diwali Day.
On the Diwali Day, Diyas are lit and the whole house is decorated, Rangoli are made at entrance of the homes. People wear new clothes, perform puja and sing Laxmi bhajans. The gods are offered kheel, batashe and khilone and other freshly prepared sweets. People also perform Lakshmi Ganesh Puja on this day. People of rural Bihar or the ‘adivasis’ worship Kali during Diwali.
In Bihar and other parts of North India, people celebrate the fourth Day (Day after Diwali) as Govardhan Puja or Annakoot where in large number of dishes are prepared by people and offered to Lord Krishna which is later consumed by the people as Bhog.
Bhai Dooj the last day of Diwali holds significance in Bihar. On this day, sisters pray for their brothers to have long and happy lives by performing the Tika ceremony (i.e., making a tikka on their brother’s forehead with kumkum and rice) and brothers give gifts to their sisters.
A week after Diwali, people of Bihar celebrate Chhath Puja, festival dedicated to Lord Sun. It is the most important festival of the state and during this festival people of Bihar perform ritual offerings to the Sun God and for this for a period of one night and day, the people of Bihar literally live on the banks of the river Ganga.
- How to Say Happy Diwali in Hindi : Diwali ki Shubhkamnayein (दिवाली की शुभकामनाएं)
- How to Say Happy Diwali in Bhojpuri : Diwali Mubarak Hove (दिवाली मुबारक होवे)
- How to Say Happy Diwali in Urdu : Diwali Mubarak (مبارک ہو دیوالی)