Andhra Pradesh is a state located in the South Eastern region of India. It is bordered by Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh and Odisha states in the north, the Bay of Bengal in the east, and the states of Tamil Nadu to the south and Karnataka to the west.
The capital and largest city is Hyderabad.
Other major cities in Andhra Pradesh include – Vishakhapatnam, Nalgonda, Vijayawada, Tirupathi, Warangal, Guntur, Rajahmundry, Nellore, Kadapa, Srikakulam, Kakinada, Kurnool, Karimnagar, Nizamabad, etc
Telugu is the most widely spoken and official language of the state.
Deepavali Celebrations in Andhra Pradesh :
In Andhra Pradesh, the festival is known as Deepavali and it is celebrated for a period of five days like other parts of the country, but here the celebrations on grand on two days which are the Naraka Chaturdashi (day before Diwali) and the Deepavali Amaavasya Day.
In Andhra Pradesh, Diwali is celebrated in the most traditional way possible. Unlike the rituals and customs of Diwali followed in Northern India, the festivities of Diwali in Andhra Pradesh start at the crack of dawn and carry on well into the night. During these festive days, people of Andhra Pradesh visit temples and offer poojas.
Just like in other parts of the country, people of Andhra Pradesh celebrate Diwali by drawing colourful Rangoli’s (known as Kolam) outside their homes to welcome goddess of wealth – Lakshmi, wear new clothes, eat lots of sweets, exchange gifts, wear new clothes, decorate their homes with lights and diya’s, spent time with friends and family members, bursting firecrackers, etc.
From the poor to the rich, everyone indulges in shopping for the biggest shopping spree of the year. People by new clothes, women especially buy new silk sarees, jewelry and ornaments, household goods, sweets, diya’s, lights, firecrackers, etc.
On the first day of Diwali, known as Asweyuja Bahula Thrayodasi (Dhanteras) people of south pray Lord Kubera. People also worship goddess Lakshmi. There is also another ritual followed on this day which is Yama Deepa Daana, i.e., after sunset people light a lamp outside the house in the southern direction. This is done to propitiate Lord Yama, the god of Death, and by his grace avoid untimely deaths.
On Narak Chaturdashi people perform the Abhyang Snan (ritual bath with oil) before sunrise. On this day people make effigies of Narakasura and carry out processions which end up in burning of the effigies on the outskirts of the cities in the evening.
In Andhra Pradesh, Narak Chaturdashi is also known as Divvela Panduga or Divili Panduga and the day is very important for Telugu people.
On this day, devotees rise up early and take ritual showers. Married daughters are invited to home. For the business community, the festival is marked with a puja of Goddess Lakshmi and is the beginning of New Year.
Deepavali Amaavasya Day is the most important day of the festival. On this day people wake up early and visit temples and offer prayers to deities. On this day people draw grand big Rangoli’s (Kolam’s) outside their homes. In the evening people perform the Lakshmi Ganesh Puja as it is performed in other parts of the country.
In Hyderabad, the capital of the state, there is a unique tradition of bathing a buffalo on Diwali day.
In some part of Andhra Pradesh the festival of Diwali is known as Kaumudi Mahotsavam.
Next day is celebrated as Bali Padyami. On this day people decorate their home to welcome demon King Bali to their homes. On this day people perform auspicious acts on this day like having oil baths, wearing new clothes, buying new things, having a feast and greeting friends and family.
The fifth day or the last day is celebrated as Bhratri Dwitiya or Yama Dwitiya (also known as Bhai Dooj) a day that celebrates the relationship between a brother and a sister. On this day, sisters pray for their brothers to have long and happy lives by performing the Tika ceremony (i.e., making a tikka on their brother’s forehead with kumkum and rice) and brothers give gifts to their sisters.
How to Say Happy Diwali in Telugu Language :
Deepavali Shubhakankshalu (దీపావళి శుభాకా౦క్షలు)