Govardhan Puja also known as Annakut is the fourth Day of five day Diwali Festival. It commemorates the Victory of Lord Krishna over Indra.
The day is celebrated on the first lunar day of Shukla Paksha (Bright fortnight) in the Hindu calendar month of Kartika.
According to Hindu Legends, It is being said that on this day Lord Krishna lifted the Govardhan mountain to save the people from the wrath of Lord Indra, the God of rain. Lord Krishna emphasized and taught people to take care of our nature and worship nature, as mountains bring rains to earth and to stop worshiping the God of Rains, Lord Indra.
Govardhan Puja Rituals and Celebrations :
Govardhan Puja is celebrated mainly in North Indian states of Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.
On this day people visit Lord Krishna temples. They also make a mountain of food (Annakut) which symbolizes Govardhan mountain. In some places, people make a mountain of cow dung to symbolize Mount Govardhan. After making such hillocks people decorate them with flowers and then worship them. They move in a circle all round it and offer prayers to Lord Govardhan (Other name of Lord Krishna).
It should be noted that the same day is celebrated as Bali Pratipada in South India and New Year’s Day (Padva) in Gujarat and Rajasthan. Their celebrations and legends are described in other articles separately.
Day 1 : Dhanteras (also known as Dhanatrayodashi)
Day 2 : Choti Diwali (also known as Naraka Chaturdashi / Kali Chaudas)
Day 3 : Diwali or Lakshmi Puja
Day 4 : Padwa (also Celebrated Bali Pratipada and Govardhan Puja)
Day 5 : Bhaiduj or Bhaubeej (also known as Yama Dwitiya)